Heart Valve Disease


Heart valve disease occurs if one or more of your heart valves don't work well. The heart has four valves: the aortic, mitral, tricuspid and pulmonary valves. The heart valves open to allow blood to be pumped forward, and they close to prevent blood from leaking backward. Heart valves are flaps of tissue called leaflets or cusps.Heart valve problems can fall into two categories. Stenosis is when the opening of the valve is too narrow and interferes with the forward flow of blood. Regurgitation is when the valve doesn’t close properly and it leaks, causing a backflow of blood.

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